Riesling (Rheinriesling, Ryzlink rýnský)
Despite commonly spread theory that Riesling was brought to our country by Charles IV. Holy Roman Emperor from Rheingau (Germany), it´s not probable, because white wine vines were planted as a mixture of many varieties at that time (and centuries after) and the first documented reference about Riesling is from 1435. Pure Riesling plantings started from half of 19th century in our country and this very vineyard "Trojslava" was one of the first in Bohemia planted by this variety. Riesling is among the very last harvested varieties but long waiting for ripeness is worth. It can give really royal wines in good vintages and its typical firm structure based on acidity predestines it for long term archiving or for sparkling wines production. Carefully left touch of residual sugar is able to harmonize its naturally higher succulent taste to be attractive even for women.
Pinot noir (Rulandské modré)
There is no doubt that this variety was really got by courtesy of Charles IV. Holy Roman Emperor to our country, he had pinot brought from Burgundy in 14th century. Dynasty of Lobkowicz ordered pinot young plants from Burgundy at least in 1798 and 1806 and till the end of the Second World War this variety accounts for three quarters of all vineyard area in Mělník. Almost lost in era of communism because of too low yields, but now is back for its high quality. And rightfully it is at the top of our wine range. Pinots are velvety smooth with hints of cranberries and spices and with fine structure. Ideal for oak barrels ageing so as for base of elegant sparkling wines.
Another noble variety with Burgundy origin. Planted in mixture with Pinot blanc from 19th century in our country, as a pure Chardonnay plantings from nineties of the last century. It gives wide range of wines from lemon-mineral acidity to noble-round-and-buttery styles, according to terroir, vintage and winery style.
Pinot blanc (Rulandské bílé)
Planted around Mělník as first plantings of this variety in Bohemia and highly promoted by Lobkowicz winery at that time of middle 19th century. Wines are in general similar to Chardonnay wines, maybe a little bit less noble and more classic. Pinot blanc is often base of cuvées in our winery, either for still or sparkling wines.
Pinot gris (Rulandské šedé)
Also introduced and propagated by Lobkowicz winemakers in 19th century. Its really big popularity has come recently with mastering of residual sugar technology. Wines are extractives, spicy and expresives. This character also completes well cuvée for sparkling or still wines.
Gewürztraminer (Tramín čerevný)
Very old variety, planted in mixture with others around Mělník for ages, although as a pure Gewürztraminer plantings from the end of 19th century. Full but fresh wines with overpowering smell of tropical fruit (litchi) and roses. Favorite for women above all.
This variety was bred in Austria-Hungary in 1882, got to our country through German winemakers from North Bohemia, but not popular and expanded until the end of the Second World War. Its fresh aromatic completes other varieties in cuvee well or it is excellent young-tasted wine for parties or crowded celebrations.
Muscat (Muškát moravský)
Bred in Moravian breeding institute in Polešovice and spread in plantings from eighties of the last century. Muscat is usually harvested as the first variety of all and for its favorite smell frequently used for drinking as young semi-fermented juice (called "burcak" in Czech Republic) in October or as the first young wine sold from the second month after harvest. Good also for smell tuning of some cuvées.
Blauer Portugeiser (Modrý Portugal)
Variety perhaps of Austrian origin, Lobkowicz winemakers contribute to expansion of this variety in 19th century. Still favorite base of our cuvées, but also as single-variety wine doesn´t tire even during whole-night celebration, because advantages of Portugeiser are finesse, lightness and low level of acids and tannins. You can even taste wines from very old ungrafted wineyard near winery as a specialty.
Saint Laurent (Svatovavřinecké)
Similarly as Portugeiser or Pinot blanc also this variety was spread to Bohemia thanks to effort of Lobkowicz winemakers in 19th century. But Saint Laurent is more serious variety than Portugeiser. With deep color and more tannins it can cope with long term archiving, especially when aged in oak barrique barrels. Or we can work with its different character during cuvée assembling.
Bred in Austria before the Second World War as a cross of Saint Laurent and Blaufrankisch. Spread in our country from eighties of the last century and quickly caught up other varieties in popularity among winemakers as well as among consumers. Selected parts of wine are aged in oak barrique barrels and these parts then give needed softeness and charm to our cuvées.